Net-zero is a term used to refer to the concept of achieving a balance between the amount of greenhouse gas emissions released into the atmosphere and the amount of greenhouse gas emissions that are removed from the atmosphere.
Countries and organizations must take action in two key areas to reach net-zero: reducing emissions and increasing carbon removal. Governments, businesses, and individuals must switch to more sustainable energy sources and implement policies to reduce emissions from activities such as transportation, industry, and agriculture in order to reduce emissions. Governments must invest in carbon capture and storage technology and encourage the planting of trees and other vegetation to increase carbon removal.
Net-zero is a long-term objective for which there is no single solution. However, there are a number of short-term strategies that can be implemented to make progress toward this objective.