The COP26 summit is now concluded after two-weeks of negotiations among world leaders to curb climate change. The result of these talks is the introduction of the Glasgow Climate Pact, officially agreed to by nearly 200 national signatories. Some are calling this agreement a success, others a failure, and many say it’s somewhere in between. We outline the key takeaways from the Glasgow Climate Pact so you can decide for yourself.
For nearly three decades, the United Nations has brought together countries and world leaders at global climate summits called COP’s (“Conference of the Parties”) – in an effort to make the issue of climate change a global priority. As the 26th annual COP kicked off this week in Glasgow, countries are expected to update their plans for reducing emissions. Among the main topics to be discussed will be climate finance – local, national or transnational financing drawn from public, private and alternative sources that supports mitigation and adaptation actions to address climate change.
Sovereign credit ratings are independent assessments of the creditworthiness of a country or sovereign entity. The Big Three credit rating companies—Moody’s Investors Service, S&P Global Ratings, and Fitch Ratings — are largely responsible for interpreting the level of investment risk associated with the debt of a particular country. However, a growing number of investors, academics, policymakers, and regulators question whether credit ratings are accounting for the impact of growing climate risks. If these risks materialize, they threaten to trigger climate-induced sovereign downgrades as early as 2030.
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) – a critical element of the historic Paris Agreement – has become the world’s largest climate fund, mandated to support developing countries raise and realize their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) ambitions towards low-emissions, climate-resilient pathways. Climate change offers businesses an unprecedented chance to capitalize on new growth and investment opportunities that can protect the planet as well.
As part of the EU’s 10-step program titled “Fit for 55,” the commission introduced a controversial proposal for a carbon border adjustment mechanism (“CBAM”). If adopted, the commission will impose a levy on imports in carbon-intensive sectors with lower environmental standards than the EU. The proposal must now undergo the EU’s legislative process that requires the approval of both the European Parliament and the Council before it comes into effect.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) enacted the Paris Agreement in 2016 in response to the growing challenges of climate change. The agreement aims to limit the increase of global temperatures to 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) above pre-industrial levels. However, it’s projected that current pledges are not ambitious enough to limit global temperature rise to 1.5°C or even 2°C. Countries need to strengthen their commitments quickly enough to achieve the Paris Agreement targets.
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) account for 90% of global businesses and are responsible for 7 out of 10 job opportunities in developing countries. However, 44% of SMEs are financially constrained and underserved by traditional finance institutions. Public and private sectors must work together to develop solutions to meet the growing demand for finance. While governments have the responsibility to improve market-enabling policies, the unmet demand presents an opportunity for financial institutions to engage.
The Ghanaian government has made significant efforts to improve its electrical infrastructure, yet access to reliable energy remains an impediment to economic development. Unplanned power outages continue to be a problem for the growing country due to growing supply & demand constraints. An additional generation capacity of 225 MW is needed by January 2024 and an additional 200 MW by January 2025 to preserve the security of Ghana’s energy supply.
Bloomberg Green – The Biden administration is outlining ambitions to dramatically boost offshore wind power in the U.S. by 2030, pushing to drive construction of projects at sea capable of generating enough electricity for more than 10 million American homes.